Maya Vijayaraghavan, MD, MAS

Associate Professor

Dr. Vijayaraghavan is a practicing general internist and a researcher in tobacco control with a focus on populations experiencing homelessness. She is the Director of the UCSF Smoking Cessation Leadership Center, a Center focused on eliminating disparities in tobacco use prevalence among behavioral health populations. Through her work, she has intervened at the individual, community, health systems and policy levels to help increase access to cessation services. Her intervention research, funded by the NCI, TRDRP, and SFCAN, stems from collaborations with community organizations and healthcare systems. She has collaborated with homeless shelters and supportive housing to implement interventions to increase access to smoking cessation services and smoke-free policies for people who have experienced homelessness. Here team leads three studies: 1) a cluster randomized controlled trial of a smoke-free home intervention in 38 permanent supportive housing sites for formerly homeless adults in the San Francisco Bay Area; 2) a contingency management smoking cessation intervention for adults experiencing homelessness and engaged in primary care in the safety-net health systems; 3) a community-pharmacy linked cessation program for people experiencing homelessness. She co-directs a NIDA-funded postdoctoral training program at the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, focused on tobacco and substance use related research.

The Vijayaraghavan Lab focuses on researching and ultimately reducing the burden of tobacco use on people experiencing homelessness. Please visit the lab's website via the link below.
Education
MAS, 2011 - , University of California, San Francisco
Internal Medicine, 2009 - , New York Presbyterian, Columbia University
MD, 2006 - , Boston University
Websites
Publications
  1. Gu D, Rafferty H, Vijayaraghavan M. Factors Associated with Smoking Cessation and the Receipt of Cessation Services in a Public, Safety-Net Primary Care System. Journal of general internal medicine 2024. PMID: 38332442


  2. Elser H, Vijayaraghavan M, Kasner SE. E-Cigarettes and Stroke Risk-Present Uncertainties and Future Directions. JAMA neurology 2023. PMID: 37428484


  3. De Los Reyes G, Ng A, Valencia Chavez J, Apollonio DE, Kroon L, Lee P, Vijayaraghavan M. Evaluation of a Pharmacist-Linked Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adults Experiencing Homelessness. Substance use & misuse 2023. PMID: 37401115


  4. Vijayaraghavan M, Hartman-Filson M, Vyas P, Katyal T, Nguyen T, Handley MA. Multi-Level Influences of Smoke-Free Policies in Subsidized Housing: Applying the COM-B Model and Neighborhood Assessments to Inform Smoke-Free Policies. Health promotion practice 2023. PMID: 37209138


  5. Miller J, Cuby J, Hall SM, Stitzer M, Kushel M, Appiah D, Vijayaraghavan M. Tobacco use behaviors and views on engaging in clinical trials for tobacco cessation among individuals who experience homelessness. Contemporary clinical trials communications 2023. PMID: 36852099


  6. Lowenstein M, Karliner L, Livaudais-Toman J, Gregorich S, Velazquez AI, Vijayaraghavan M, Walsh JME, Kaplan CP. Barriers and Facilitators to Lung Cancer Screening: A Physician Survey. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2022. PMID: 35428402


  7. Hiatt RA, Sibley A, Venkatesh B, Cheng J, Dixit N, Fox R, Ling P, Nguyen T, Oh D, Palmer NR, Pasick RJ, Potter MB, Somsouk M, Vargas RA, Vijayaraghavan M, Ashworth A. From Cancer Epidemiology to Policy and Practice: the Role of a Comprehensive Cancer Center. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2022. PMID: 35342686


  8. Miller J, Vijayaraghavan M. Tobacco Industry Efforts to Respond to Smoke-Free Policies in Multi-Unit Housing: An Evaluation of Tobacco Industry Documents. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2022. PMID: 35270744


  9. Martinez J, Jafry MZ, Chen TA, Businelle MS, Kendzor DE, Britton M, Vijayaraghavan M, Reitzel LR. Guest Support for Outdoor Smoke-Free Policies within a Homeless Shelter. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2022. PMID: 35206595


  10. Hartman-Filson M, Chen J, Lee P, Phan M, Apollonio DE, Kroon L, Donald F, Vijayaraghavan M. A community-based tobacco cessation program for individuals experiencing homelessness. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2022. PMID: 35184003


  11. Suen LW, Rafferty H, Le T, Chung K, Straus E, Chen E, Vijayaraghavan M. Factors associated with smoking cessation attempts in a public, safety-net primary care system. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2022. PMID: 35145838


  12. Chung K, Rafferty H, Suen LW, Vijayaraghavan M. System-Level Quality Improvement Initiatives for Tobacco Use in a Safety-Net Health System During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of primary care & community health 2022. PMID: 35748431


  13. Riley ED, Delucchi K, Rubin S, Weiser SD, Vijayaraghavan M, Lynch K, Tsoh JY. Ongoing tobacco use in women who experience homelessness and unstable housing: A prospective study to inform tobacco cessation interventions and policies. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2021. PMID: 34673360


  14. Rubin SB, Vijayaraghavan M, Weiser SD, Tsoh JY, Cohee A, Delucchi K, Riley ED. Homeless women's perspectives on smoking and smoking cessation programs: A qualitative study. The International journal on drug policy 2021. PMID: 34481110


  15. Durazo A, Hartman-Filson M, Elser H, Alizaga NM, Vijayaraghavan M. E-Cigarette Use among Current Smokers Experiencing Homelessness. International journal of environmental research and public health 2021. PMID: 33916203


  16. Durazo A, Hartman-Filson M, Perez K, Alizaga NM, Petersen AB, Vijayaraghavan M. Smoke-Free Home Intervention in Permanent Supportive Housing: A Multi-Faceted Intervention Pilot. Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco 2020. PMID: 32123908


  17. Vijayaraghavan M, Elser H, Frazer K, Lindson N, Apollonio D. Interventions to reduce tobacco use in people experiencing homelessness. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 2020. PMID: 33284989


  18. Katyal T, Durazo A, Hartman-Filson M, Vijayaraghavan M. Responses to Graphic Warning Labels among Low-income Smokers. American journal of health behavior 2020. PMID: 33121579


  19. Vijayaraghavan M. Improving Access to Clinical Trials for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Treatment. JAMA neurology 2020. PMID: 32227134


  20. Alizaga NM, Hartman-Filson M, Elser H, Halpern-Felsher B, Vijayaraghavan M. Alternative flavored and unflavored tobacco product use and cigarette quit attempts among current smokers experiencing homelessness. Addictive behaviors reports 2020. PMID: 32637560


  21. Vijayaraghavan M, King BA. Advancing Housing and Health: Promoting Smoking Cessation in Permanent Supportive Housing. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) 2020. PMID: 32353245


  22. Petersen AB, Elser H, Nguyen T, Alizaga NM, Vijayaraghavan M. Smoke-Free or Not: Attitudes Toward Indoor Smoke-Free Policies Among Permanent Supportive Housing Residents. American journal of health promotion : AJHP 2019. PMID: 31537083


  23. Hafez AY, Gonzalez M, Kulik MC, Vijayaraghavan M, Glantz SA. Uneven Access to Smoke-Free Laws and Policies and Its Effect on Health Equity in the United States: 2000-2019. American journal of public health 2019. PMID: 31536405


  24. Thrul J, Vijayaraghavan M, Kalkhoran S, Satterfield JM. Patterns of cigarette, e-cigarette, and cannabis use among adult smokers in primary care 2014-2015. Addictive behaviors 2019. PMID: 31522133


  25. Elser H, Hartman-Filson M, Alizaga NM, Vijayaraghavan M. Exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco messages online and off-line among people experiencing homelessness. Preventive medicine reports 2019. PMID: 31338285


  26. Gubner NR, Williams DD, Chen E, Silven D, Tsoh JY, Guydish J, Vijayaraghavan M. Recent cessation attempts and receipt of cessation services among a diverse primary care population - A mixed methods study. Preventive medicine reports 2019. PMID: 31193606


  27. Lowenstein M, Vijayaraghavan M, Burke NJ, Karliner L, Wang S, Peters M, Lozano A, Kaplan CP. Real-world lung cancer screening decision-making: Barriers and facilitators. Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 2019. PMID: 31200824


  28. Neisler J, Reitzel LR, Garey L, Kendzor DE, Hébert ET, Vijayaraghavan M, Businelle MS. Corrigendum to "Concurrent nicotine and tobacco product use among homeless smokers and associations with cigarette dependence and other factors related to quitting" [Drug Alcohol Depend. 185 (2018) 133-140]. Drug and alcohol dependence 2019. PMID: 31009832


  29. Neisler J, Reitzel LR, Garey L, Kendzor DE, Hébert ET, Vijayaraghavan M, Businelle MS. Corrigendum to "The moderating effect of perceived social support on the relation between heaviness of smoking and quit attempts among adult homeless smokers" [Drug and Alcohol Depend. 190 (2018) 128-132]. Drug and alcohol dependence 2019. PMID: 31009833


  30. Alizaga NM, Nguyen T, Petersen AB, Elser H, Vijayaraghavan M. Developing Tobacco Control Interventions in Permanent Supportive Housing for Formerly Homeless Adults. Health promotion practice 2019. PMID: 30971139


  31. Vijayaraghavan M, Neisler J, Wrighting Q, Reitzel LR, Hébert ET, Rash CJ, Kendzor DE, Businelle MS. Income associations with cigarette purchasing behaviors and quit attempts among people experiencing homelessness. Addictive behaviors 2019. PMID: 30959414


  32. Vijayaraghavan M, Apollonio DE. Engaging Adults Experiencing Homelessness in Smoking Cessation Through Large-Scale Community Service Events. Health promotion practice 2019. PMID: 30845844


  33. Gubner NR, Williams DD, Le T, Garcia W, Vijayaraghavan M, Guydish J. Smoking related outcomes before and after implementation of tobacco-free grounds in residential substance use disorder treatment programs. Drug and alcohol dependence 2019. PMID: 30743196


  34. Vijayaraghavan M, Dove MS, Stewart SL, Cummins SE, Schillinger D, Kohatsu ND, Tong EK. Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Response to Incentives for Quitline Engagement. American journal of preventive medicine 2018. PMID: 30454673


  35. Tong EK, Stewart SL, Schillinger D, Vijayaraghavan M, Dove MS, Epperson AE, Vela C, Kratochvil S, Anderson CM, Kirby CA, Zhu SH, Safier J, Sloss G, Kohatsu ND. The Medi-Cal Incentives to Quit Smoking Project: Impact of Statewide Outreach Through Health Channels. American journal of preventive medicine 2018. PMID: 30454670


  36. Vijayaraghavan M, Benmarhnia T, Pierce JP, White MM, Kempster J, Shi Y, Trinidad DR, Messer K. Correction: Income disparities in smoking cessation and the diffusion of smoke-free homes among U.S. smokers: Results from two longitudinal surveys. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2018. PMID: 30462739


  37. McKelvey K, Popova L, Kim M, Chaffee BW, Vijayaraghavan M, Ling P, Halpern-Felsher B. Heated tobacco products likely appeal to adolescents and young adults. Tobacco control 2018. PMID: 30352843


  38. McKelvey K, Popova L, Kim M, Lempert LK, Chaffee BW, Vijayaraghavan M, Ling P, Halpern-Felsher B. IQOS labelling will mislead consumers. Tobacco control 2018. PMID: 30158208


  39. Vijayaraghavan M, Benmarnhia T, Pierce JP, White MM, Kempster J, Shi Y, Trinidad DR, Messer K. Income disparities in smoking cessation and the diffusion of smoke-free homes among U.S. smokers: Results from two longitudinal surveys. PloS one 2018. PMID: 30052671


  40. Neisler J, Reitzel LR, Garey L, Kenzdor DE, Hébert ET, Vijayaraghavan M, Businelle MS. The moderating effect of perceived social support on the relation between heaviness of smoking and quit attempts among adult homeless smokers. Drug and alcohol dependence 2018. PMID: 30016736


  41. Satterfield JM, Gregorich SE, Kalkhoran S, Lum PJ, Bloome J, Alvarado N, Muñoz RF, Vijayaraghavan M. Computer-Facilitated 5A's for Smoking Cessation: A Randomized Trial of Technology to Promote Provider Adherence. American journal of preventive medicine 2018. PMID: 29929682


  42. Petersen AB, Stewart HC, Walters J, Vijayaraghavan M. Correction to: Smoking Policy Change Within Permanent Supportive Housing. "It's not the doctor - it's me." How self-blame obscures language and other structural barriers to diabetes care mong low-income Latinos with limited English Proficiency. 2018. PMID: 29627910


  43. Petersen AB, Stewart HC, Walters J, Vijayaraghavan M. Smoking Policy Change Within Permanent Supportive Housing. Journal of community health 2018. PMID: 28884243


  44. Neisler J, Reitzel LR, Garey L, Kenzdor DE, Hébert ET, Vijayaraghavan M, Businelle MS. Concurrent nicotine and tobacco product use among homeless smokers and associations with cigarette dependence and other factors related to quitting. Drug and alcohol dependence 2018. PMID: 29448145


  45. Vijayaraghavan M, Olsen P, Weeks J, McKelvey K, Ponath C, Kushel M. Older African American Homeless-Experienced Smokers' Attitudes Toward Tobacco Control Policies-Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 32 of Issue 2. 2017. PMID: 28893086


  46. Kalkhoran S, Alvarado N, Vijayaraghavan M, Lum PJ, Yuan P, Satterfield JM. Patterns of and reasons for electronic cigarette use in primary care patients. Journal of general internal medicine 2017. PMID: 28710596


  47. Vijayaraghavan M, Yuan P, Gregorich S, Lum P, Appelle N, Napoles AM, Kalkhoran S, Satterfield J. Disparities in receipt of 5As for smoking cessation in diverse primary care and HIV clinics. Preventive medicine reports 2017. PMID: 28271025


  48. Shi Y, Pierce JP, White M, Vijayaraghavan M, Compton W, Conway K, Hartman AM, Messer K. E-cigarette use and smoking reduction or cessation in the 2010/2011 TUS-CPS longitudinal cohort. BMC public health 2016. PMID: 27769302


  49. Vijayaraghavan M, Guydish J, Pierce JP. Building Tobacco Cessation Capacity in Homeless Shelters: A Pilot Study. Journal of community health 2016. PMID: 26983929


  50. Vijayaraghavan M, Schroeder SA, Kushel M. The effectiveness of tobacco control policies on vulnerable populations in the USA: a review. Postgraduate medical journal 2016. PMID: 27660283


  51. Nápoles AM, Appelle N, Kalkhoran S, Vijayaraghavan M, Alvarado N, Satterfield J. Perceptions of clinicians and staff about the use of digital technology in primary care: qualitative interviews prior to implementation of a computer-facilitated 5As intervention. BMC medical informatics and decision making 2016. PMID: 27094928


  52. Vijayaraghavan M, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Tobacco Cessation Behaviors Among Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 18 of Issue 8. 2016. PMID: 26920648


  53. Vijayaraghavan M, Hurst S, Pierce JP. Implementing Tobacco Control Programs in Homeless Shelters: A Mixed-Methods Study. Health promotion practice 2015. PMID: 26678988


  54. Vijayaraghavan M, Hurst S, Pierce JP. A Qualitative Examination of Smoke-Free Policies and Electronic Cigarettes Among Sheltered Homeless Adults. American journal of health promotion : AJHP 2015. PMID: 26559719


  55. Vijayaraghavan M, Pierce JP. Interest in Smoking Cessation Related to a Smoke-Free Policy Among Homeless Adults. Journal of community health 2015. PMID: 25559109


  56. Messer K, Vijayaraghavan M, White MM, Shi Y, Chang C, Conway KP, Hartman A, Schroeder MJ, Compton WM, Pierce JP. Cigarette smoking cessation attempts among current US smokers who also use smokeless tobacco. Addictive behaviors 2015. PMID: 26253939


  57. Vijayaraghavan M, Messer K, Xu Z, Sarkin A, Gilmer TP. Psychiatric readmissions in a community-based sample of patients with mental disorders. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) 2015. PMID: 25828876


  58. Vijayaraghavan M, Freitas D, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Non-medical use of non-opioid psychotherapeutic medications in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 143. 2014. PMID: 25107312


  59. Vijayaraghavan M, Pierce JP, White M, Messer K. Differential use of other tobacco products among current and former cigarette smokers by income level. Addictive behaviors 2014. PMID: 24930053


  60. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Vittinghoff E, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Smoking behaviors in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 18 of Issue 3. AIDS and behavior 2014. PMID: 23918243


  61. Vijayaraghavan M, Messer K, White MM, Pierce JP. The effectiveness of cigarette price and smoke-free homes on low-income smokers in the United States. American journal of public health 2013. PMID: 24134354


  62. Vijayaraghavan M, Kushel MB, Vittinghoff E, Kertesz S, Jacobs D, Lewis CE, Sidney S, Bibbins-Domingo K. Housing instability and incident hypertension in the CARDIA cohort. Volume 90 of Issue 3. 2013. PMID: 22752301


  63. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 173 of Issue 3. JAMA internal medicine 2013. PMID: 23319013


  64. Vijayaraghavan M, Tochterman A, Hsu E, Johnson K, Marcus S, Caton CL. Health, access to health care, and health care use among homeless women with a history of intimate partner violence. Journal of community health 2012. PMID: 22187095


  65. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers' views on chronic pain management among high-risk patients in safety net settings. Volume 13 of Issue 9. Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.) 2012. PMID: 22846057


  66. Vijayaraghavan M, Jacobs EA, Seligman H, Fernandez A. The association between housing instability, food insecurity, and diabetes self-efficacy in low-income adults. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2011. PMID: 22080709


  67. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers’ judgments of opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 26 of Issue 4. Journal of general internal medicine 2011. PMID: 21061084


  68. Stoddard P, He G, Vijayaraghavan M, Schillinger D. Disparities in undiagnosed diabetes among United States-Mexico border populations. 2010. PMID: 20963267