Margot Kushel, MD

Professor

Margot Kushel, MD is a Professor of Medicine and Division Chief at the Division of Vulnerable Populations at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center and Director of the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations and UCSF Benioff Homelessness and Housing Initiative. Margot's research focuses on reducing the burden of homelessness on health through examining efforts to prevent and end homelessness and mitigating the effects of housing instability on health care outcomes. She uses a variety of research methodologies with an aim towards informing the development of programs and policies to end homelessness via understanding the complex interactions between health and housing. She has a particular interest in homelessness in older adults and homelessness in medically complicated individuals. She is the PI of an NIA funded R01 that developed the HOPE HOME (Health Outcomes in Populations Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle agE) cohort, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study examining the causes and effects of homelessness on adults aged 50 and over in Oakland, CA and the PI of a K24 award from NIA to mentor junior investigators in aging in vulnerable populations. Margot works with diverse stakeholders to implement programmatic and policy changes based on her research. She maintains an active clinical practice at ZSFG in both primary care.
Education
2019 - Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training, University of California
Fellow, 2001 - General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Chief Resident, 1999 - Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Resident, 1998 - Medicine/Primary Care, University of California, San Francisco
Intern, 1996 - Medicine/Primary Care, University of California, San Francisco
MD, 1995 - , Yale School of Medicine
AB, 1990 - English, Harvard University
Honors and Awards
  • Woman of the Year, California Senate District 9, 2021
  • Distinguished Citizen, Commonwealth Club, 2021
Websites
Publications
  1. Fleming MD, Evans JL, Graham-Squire D, Cawley C, Kanzaria HK, Kushel MB, Raven MC. Association of Shelter-in-Place Hotels With Health Services Use Among People Experiencing Homelessness During the COVID-19 Pandemic. 2022. PMID: 35895061


  2. Anita S. Hargrave, Cheyenne M. Garcia, Marguerita Lightfoot, Margaret A. Handley, John Weeks, Pamela Olsen, Kelly R. Knight, Margot B. Kushel. “We remember the pain”: a qualitative study of intergenerational trauma among older adults experiencing homelessness in the HOPE HOME study. 2022. PMID:


  3. Routledge I, Takahashi S, Epstein A, Hakim J, Janson O, Turcios K, Vinden J, Risos JT, Baniqued MR, Pham L, Di Germanio C, Busch M, Kushel M, Greenhouse B, Rodríguez-Barraquer I. Using sero-epidemiology to monitor disparities in vaccination and infection with SARS-CoV-2. 2022. PMID: 35508478


  4. Dallas Augustine, Margot Kushel. Community Supervision, Housing Insecurity, and Homelessness. 2022. PMID:


  5. Abel MK, Schwartz H, Lin JA, Decker HC, Wu CL, Grant MC, Kushel M, Wick EC. Surgical Care of Patients Experiencing Homelessness: A Scoping Review Using a Phases of Care Conceptual Framework. 2022. PMID: 35839414


  6. Aranda-Díaz A, Imbert E, Strieff S, Graham-Squire D, Evans JL, Moore J, McFarland W, Fuchs J, Handley MA, Kushel M. Implementation of rapid and frequent SARS-CoV2 antigen testing and response in congregate homeless shelters. 2022. PMID: 35271622


  7. Novick TK, Kushel M, Crews D. Unstable Housing and Kidney Disease: A Primer. 2022. PMID: 35372820


  8. Cawley C, Kanzaria HK, Zevin B, Doran KM, Kushel M, Raven MC. Mortality Among People Experiencing Homelessness in San Francisco During the COVID-19 Pandemic. 2022. PMID: 35267030


  9. Semere W, Kaplan L, Valle K, Guzman D, Ramsey C, Garcia C, Kushel M. Caregiving Needs Are Unmet for Many Older Homeless Adults: Findings from the HOPE HOME Study. 2022. PMID: 35167064


  10. Christopher Cai, Kelly R. Knight, Pamela Olsen, John Weeks, Margaret A. Handley, Margot B. Kushel. Barriers and facilitators to resolving older adult homelessness through stays with family: qualitative findings from the HOPE HOME study. 2022. PMID:


  11. Hargrave AS, Kimberg L, Machtinger EL, Kushel MB, Cohen BE. The Association Between Interpersonal Violence and Unstable Housing Among Veterans. 2022. PMID: 35018446


  12. Suen LW, McMahan VM, Rowe C, Bhardwaj S, Knight K, Kushel MB, Santos GM, Coffin P. Factors Associated with Pain Treatment Satisfaction Among Patients with Chronic Non-Cancer Pain and Substance Use. 2021. PMID: 34772764


  13. Knight KR, Duke MR, Carey CA, Pruss G, Garcia CM, Lightfoot M, Imbert E, Kushel M. COVID-19 Testing and Vaccine Acceptability Among Homeless-Experienced Adults: Qualitative Data from Two Samples. 2021. PMID: 34704204


  14. Routledge I, Takahashi S, Epstein A, Hakim J, Janson O, Turcios K, Vinden J, Risos JT, Baniqued MR, Pham L, Di Germanio C, Busch M, Kushel M, Greenhouse B, Rodríguez-Barraquer I. Structural inequalities in the pathway to COVID-19 immunity. 2021. PMID: 34642695


  15. Suen LW, Makam AN, Snyder HR, Repplinger D, Kushel MB, Martin M, Nguyen OK. National Prevalence of Alcohol and Other Substance Use Disorders Among Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations: NHAMCS 2014-2018. 2021. PMID: 34518978


  16. Imbert E, Kinley PM, Scarborough A, Cawley C, Sankaran M, Cox SN, Kushel M, Stoltey J, Cohen S, Fuchs JD. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in a San Francisco Homeless Shelter. 2020. PMID: 32744615


  17. Cawley C, Raven MC, Martinez MX, Niedzwiecki M, Kushel MB, Kanzaria HK. Understanding the 100 highest users of health and social services in San Francisco. 2021. PMID: 34021517


  18. Garcia-Grossman I, Kaplan L, Valle K, Guzman D, Williams B, Kushel M. Factors Associated with Incarceration in Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. 2021. PMID: 34109543


  19. Chapman LAC, Kushel M, Cox SN, Scarborough A, Cawley C, Nguyen TQ, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Greenhouse B, Imbert E, Lo NC. Comparison of infection control strategies to reduce COVID-19 outbreaks in homeless shelters in the United States: a simulation study. 2021. PMID: 33962621


  20. Chen YH, Glymour MM, Catalano R, Fernandez A, Nguyen T, Kushel M, Bibbins-Domingo K. Excess Mortality in California During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic, March to August 2020. 2021. PMID: 33346804


  21. Cawley CL, Kanzaria HK, Kushel M, Raven MC, Zevin B. Mortality Among People Experiencing Homelessness in San Francisco 2016-2018. 2021. PMID: 33835316


  22. Beliveau CM, McMahan VM, Arenander J, Angst MS, Kushel M, Torres A, Santos GM, Coffin PO. Stimulant use for self-management of pain among safety-net patients with chronic non-cancer pain. 2021. PMID: 33798030


  23. Haq N, McMahan VM, Torres A, Santos GM, Knight K, Kushel M, Coffin PO. Race, pain, and opioids among patients with chronic pain in a safety-net health system. 2021. PMID: 33810908


  24. Fuchs JD, Carter HC, Evans J, Graham-Squire D, Imbert E, Bloome J, Fann C, Skotnes T, Sears J, Pfeifer-Rosenblum R, Moughamian A, Eveland J, Reed A, Borne D, Lee M, Rosenthal M, Jain V, Bobba N, Kushel M, Kanzaria HK. Assessment of a Hotel-Based COVID-19 Isolation and Quarantine Strategy for Persons Experiencing Homelessness. 2021. PMID: 33651111


  25. Lo NC, Nyathi S, Chapman LAC, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Kushel M, Bibbins-Domingo K, Lewnard JA. Influenza, Varicella, and Mumps Outbreaks in US Migrant Detention Centers. 2021. PMID: 33119037


  26. Weiser SD, Sheira LA, Palar K, Kushel M, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Cohen M, Turan JM, Metsch L, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Wentz E, Tien PC, Frongillo EA. Mechanisms from Food Insecurity to Worse HIV Treatment Outcomes in US Women Living with HIV. 2020. PMID: 32941054


  27. Khatana SAM, Wadhera RK, Choi E, Groeneveld PW, Culhane DP, Kushel M, Kazi DS, Yeh RW, Shen C. Association of Homelessness with Hospital Readmissions-an Analysis of Three Large States. 2020. PMID: 32556872


  28. Kaplan LM, Sudore RL, Cuervo IA, Bainto D, Olsen P, Kushel M. Barriers and Solutions to Advance Care Planning among Homeless-Experienced Older Adults. 2020. PMID: 32182155


  29. Rosenwohl-Mack S, Kushel M, Ramsey C, Handley M, Knight KR. "We Really Help, Taking Care of Each Other": Older Homeless Adults as Caregivers. 2019. PMID: 31903411


  30. Paul DW, Knight KR, Olsen P, Weeks J, Yen IH, Kushel MB. Racial Discrimination in the Life Course of Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. 2019. PMID: 33727778


  31. Nouri SS, Barnes DE, Volow AM, McMahan RD, Kushel M, Jin C, Boscardin J, Sudore RL. Health Literacy Matters More Than Experience for Advance Care Planning Knowledge Among Older Adults. 2019. PMID: 31424575


  32. Kaplan LM, Vella L, Cabral E, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel MB. Unmet mental health and substance use treatment needs among older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. 2019. PMID: 31424102


  33. Brown RT, Guzman D, Kaplan LM, Ponath C, Lee CT, Kushel MB. Trajectories of functional impairment in homeless older adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. 2019. PMID: 31408488


  34. Martin P, Liaw W, Bazemore A, Jetty A, Petterson S, Kushel M. Adults with Housing Insecurity Have Worse Access to Primary and Preventive Care. 2019. PMID: 31300572


  35. Tong M, Tieu L, Lee CT, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Factors associated with food insecurity among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study. 2018. PMID: 29617886


  36. Tong MS, Kaplan LM, Guzman D, Ponath C, Kushel MB. Persistent Homelessness and Violent Victimization Among Older Adults in the HOPE HOME Study. 2019. PMID: 31135255


  37. Chan B, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Guzman D, Critchfield J, Saha S, Kushel M. High perceived social support and hospital readmissions in an older multi-ethnic, limited English proficiency, safety-net population. 2019. PMID: 31126336


  38. Satterwhite S, Knight KR, Miaskowski C, Chang JS, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Kushel M. Sources and Impact of Time Pressure on Opioid Management in the Safety-Net. 2019. PMID: 31068401


  39. Tuthill EL, Sheira LA, Palar K, Frongillo EA, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Cohen MH, Wentz EL, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Metsch L, Kushel M, Turan JM, Konkle-Parker D, Tien PC, Weiser SD. Persistent Food Insecurity Is Associated with Adverse Mental Health among Women Living with or at Risk of HIV in the United States. 2019. PMID: 30753638


  40. Raven MC, Kaplan LM, Rosenberg M, Tieu L, Guzman D, Kushel M. Mobile Phone, Computer, and Internet Use Among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Cohort Study. 2018. PMID: 30530464


  41. Freitas DJ, Kaplan LM, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Oral health and access to dental care among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study. 2018. PMID: 30295922


  42. Kushel M. Homelessness: A Potent Risk Factor for Readmission. Volume 56 of Issue 6. 2018. PMID: 29746347


  43. Bazari A, Patanwala M, Kaplan LM, Auerswald CL, Kushel MB. 'The thing that really gets me is the future': Symptomatology in Older Homeless Adults in the HOPE HOME Study. 2018. PMID: 29783004


  44. Maria Raven, Lauren M. Kaplan, Marina Rosenberg, Lina Tieu, David Guzman, Margot Kushel. Mobile Phone, Computer, and Internet Use among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study (Preprint). 2018. PMID:


  45. Kushel M. Hepatitis A Outbreak in California - Addressing the Root Cause. Volume 378 of Issue 3. 2017. PMID: 29211622


  46. Spinelli MA, Frongillo EA, Sheira LA, Palar K, Tien PC, Wilson T, Merenstein D, Cohen M, Adedimeji A, Wentz E, Adimora AA, Metsch LR, Turan JM, Kushel MB, Weiser SD. Food Insecurity is Associated with Poor HIV Outcomes Among Women in the United States. Volume 21 of Issue 12. 2017. PMID: 29119474


  47. Patanwala M, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Ritchie CS, Kushel M. Physical, Psychological, Social, and Existential Symptoms in Older Homeless-Experienced Adults: An Observational Study of the Hope Home Cohort. Volume 33 of Issue 5. 2017. PMID: 29185174


  48. Vijayaraghavan M, Olsen P, Weeks J, McKelvey K, Ponath C, Kushel M. Older African American Homeless-Experienced Smokers' Attitudes Toward Tobacco Control Policies-Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 32 of Issue 2. 2017. PMID: 28893086


  49. Metzger L, Ahalt C, Kushel M, Riker A, Williams B. Mobilizing cross-sector community partnerships to address the needs of criminal justice-involved older adults: a framework for action. Volume 13 of Issue 3-4. 2017. PMID: 28914125


  50. Brown RT, Hemati K, Riley ED, Lee CT, Ponath C, Tieu L, Guzman D, Kushel MB. Geriatric Conditions in a Population-Based Sample of Older Homeless Adults. Volume 57 of Issue 4. 2017. PMID: 26920935


  51. Hurstak E, Johnson JK, Tieu L, Guzman D, Ponath C, Lee CT, Jamora CW, Kushel M. Factors associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. Volume 178. 2017. PMID: 28738314


  52. Knight KR, Kushel M, Chang JS, Zamora K, Ceasar R, Hurstak E, Miaskowski C. Opioid pharmacovigilance: A clinical-social history of the changes in opioid prescribing for patients with co-occurring chronic non-cancer pain and substance use. Volume 186. 2017. PMID: 28599142


  53. Hurstak EE, Kushel M, Chang J, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Miaskowski C, Knight K. The risks of opioid treatment: Perspectives of primary care practitioners and patients from safety-net clinics. Volume 38 of Issue 2. 2017. PMID: 28394752


  54. Raven MC, Tieu L, Lee CT, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Emergency Department Use in a Cohort of Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 24 of Issue 1. 2017. PMID: 27520382


  55. Kertesz SG, Baggett TP, O'Connell JJ, Buck DS, Kushel MB. Permanent Supportive Housing for Homeless People - Reframing the Debate. Volume 375 of Issue 22. 2016. PMID: 27959753


  56. Spinelli MA, Ponath C, Tieu L, Hurstak EE, Guzman D, Kushel M. Factors associated with substance use in older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. Volume 38 of Issue 1. 2016. PMID: 27897965


  57. Raven MC, Guzman D, Chen AH, Kornak J, Kushel M. Out-of-Network Emergency Department Use among Managed Medicaid Beneficiaries. Volume 52 of Issue 6. 2016. PMID: 27861836


  58. Chang JS, Kushel M, Miaskowski C, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Hurstak E, Knight KR. Provider Experiences With the Identification, Management, and Treatment of Co-occurring Chronic Noncancer Pain and Substance Use in the Safety Net. Volume 52 of Issue 2. 2016. PMID: 27754719


  59. Vijayaraghavan M, Schroeder SA, Kushel M. The effectiveness of tobacco control policies on vulnerable populations in the USA: a review. 2016. PMID: 27660283


  60. Kushel M. Things Fall Apart: Preventing High Readmission Rates Among Homeless Adults. Volume 31 of Issue 9. 2016. PMID: 27184753


  61. Lee CM, Mangurian C, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Childhood Adversities Associated with Poor Adult Mental Health Outcomes in Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 25 of Issue 2. 2016. PMID: 27544890


  62. Raven MC, Kushel M, Ko MJ, Penko J, Bindman AB. The Effectiveness of Emergency Department Visit Reduction Programs: A Systematic Review. Volume 68 of Issue 4. 2016. PMID: 27287549


  63. Brown RT, Goodman L, Guzman D, Tieu L, Ponath C, Kushel MB. Pathways to Homelessness among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 11 of Issue 5. 2016. PMID: 27163478


  64. Vijayaraghavan M, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Tobacco Cessation Behaviors Among Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 18 of Issue 8. 2016. PMID: 26920648


  65. Lee CT, Guzman D, Ponath C, Tieu L, Riley E, Kushel M. Residential patterns in older homeless adults: Results of a cluster analysis. Volume 153. 2016. PMID: 26896877


  66. Chodos AH, Kushel MB, Greysen SR, Guzman D, Kessell ER, Sarkar U, Goldman LE, Critchfield JM, Pierluissi E. Hospitalization-Associated Disability in Adults Admitted to a Safety-Net Hospital. Volume 30 of Issue 12. 2015. PMID: 25986139


  67. Chan B, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Schneidermann M, Kessell E, Guzman D, Critchfield J, Kushel M. The Effect of a Care Transition Intervention on the Patient Experience of Older Multi-Lingual Adults in the Safety Net: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Volume 30 of Issue 12. 2015. PMID: 25986136


  68. Palar K, Kushel M, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Grede N, Bangsberg D, Weiser SD. Food Insecurity is Longitudinally Associated with Depressive Symptoms Among Homeless and Marginally-Housed Individuals Living with HIV. Volume 19 of Issue 8. 2015. PMID: 25351185


  69. Kushel M. The First Step is the Hardest: Overcoming Barriers to Primary Care. Volume 30 of Issue 7. 2015. PMID: 25788245


  70. Brown RT, Pierluissi E, Guzman D, Kessell ER, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Schneidermann M, Critchfield JM, Kushel MB. Functional disability in late-middle-aged and older adults admitted to a safety-net hospital. Volume 62 of Issue 11. 2014. PMID: 25367281


  71. Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Kessell E, Guzman D, Schneidermann M, Pierluissi E, Walter B, Vittinghoff E, Critchfield J, Kushel M. Support from hospital to home for elders: a randomized trial. Volume 161 of Issue 7. 2014. PMID: 25285540


  72. Kushel M. Improving care for hospitalized, opioid-dependent patients: a promising start. Volume 174 of Issue 8. 2014. PMID: 24978013


  73. Vijayaraghavan M, Freitas D, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Non-medical use of non-opioid psychotherapeutic medications in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 143. 2014. PMID: 25107312


  74. Jeevanjee S, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Opioid analgesic misuse is associated with incomplete antiretroviral adherence in a cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults in San Francisco. Volume 18 of Issue 7. 2014. PMID: 24077929


  75. Greysen SR, Hoi-Cheung D, Garcia V, Kessell E, Sarkar U, Goldman L, Schneidermann M, Critchfield J, Pierluissi E, Kushel M. "Missing pieces"--functional, social, and environmental barriers to recovery for vulnerable older adults transitioning from hospital to home. Volume 62 of Issue 8. 2014. PMID: 24934494


  76. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Vittinghoff E, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Smoking behaviors in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 18 of Issue 3. 2014. PMID: 23918243


  77. Weiser SD, Yuan C, Guzman D, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Food insecurity and HIV clinical outcomes in a longitudinal study of urban homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals. Volume 27 of Issue 18. 2013. PMID: 23921612


  78. Vogenthaler NS, Kushel MB, Hadley C, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD. Food insecurity and risky sexual behaviors among homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals in San Francisco. Volume 17 of Issue 5. 2013. PMID: 23086429


  79. Vijayaraghavan M, Kushel MB, Vittinghoff E, Kertesz S, Jacobs D, Lewis CE, Sidney S, Bibbins-Domingo K. Housing instability and incident hypertension in the CARDIA cohort. Volume 90 of Issue 3. 2013. PMID: 22752301


  80. Wang EA, Hong CS, Shavat S, Kessell ER, Sanders R, Kushel MB. Wang et al. Respond. Volume 103 of Issue 6. 2013. PMID: 23597355


  81. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 173 of Issue 3. 2013. PMID: 23319013


  82. Weiser SD, Hatcher A, Frongillo EA, Guzman D, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with greater acute care utilization among HIV-infected homeless and marginally housed individuals in San Francisco. Volume 28 of Issue 1. 2012. PMID: 22903407


  83. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers' views on chronic pain management among high-risk patients in safety net settings. Volume 13 of Issue 9. 2012. PMID: 22846057


  84. Wang EA, Hong CS, Shavit S, Sanders R, Kessell E, Kushel MB. Engaging individuals recently released from prison into primary care: a randomized trial. Volume 102 of Issue 9. 2012. PMID: 22813476


  85. Penko J, Mattson J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Do patients know they are on pain medication agreements? Results from a sample of high-risk patients on chronic opioid therapy. Volume 13 of Issue 9. 2012. PMID: 22757769


  86. Chartier M, Carrico AW, Weiser SD, Kushel MB, Riley ED. Specific psychiatric correlates of acute care utilization among unstably housed HIV-positive adults. Volume 24 of Issue 12. 2012. PMID: 22533713


  87. Kushel M. Older homeless adults: can we do more? Volume 27 of Issue 1. 2012. PMID: 22086754


  88. Weiser SD, Young SL, Cohen CR, Kushel MB, Tsai AC, Tien PC, Hatcher AM, Frongillo EA, Bangsberg DR. Conceptual framework for understanding the bidirectional links between food insecurity and HIV/AIDS. Volume 94 of Issue 6. 2011. PMID: 22089434


  89. Straus SG, Chen AH, Yee H, Kushel MB, Bell DS. Implementation of an electronic referral system for outpatient specialty care. Volume 2011. 2011. PMID: 22195195


  90. Miaskowski C, Penko JM, Guzman D, Mattson JE, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Occurrence and characteristics of chronic pain in a community-based cohort of indigent adults living with HIV infection. Volume 12 of Issue 9. 2011. PMID: 21684218


  91. Hansen L, Penko J, Guzman D, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Aberrant behaviors with prescription opioids and problem drug use history in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected individuals. Volume 42 of Issue 6. 2011. PMID: 21802896


  92. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers’ judgments of opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 26 of Issue 4. 2011. PMID: 21061084


  93. Moskowitz D, Thom DH, Guzman D, Penko J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Is primary care providers' trust in socially marginalized patients affected by race? Volume 26 of Issue 8. 2011. PMID: 21394422


  94. Thom DH, Wong ST, Guzman D, Wu A, Penko J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Physician trust in the patient: development and validation of a new measure. Volume 9 of Issue 2. 2011. PMID: 21403142


  95. Tsai AC, Weiser SD, Petersen ML, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR. A marginal structural model to estimate the causal effect of antidepressant medication treatment on viral suppression among homeless and marginally housed persons with HIV. Volume 67 of Issue 12. 2010. PMID: 21135328


  96. Brown RT, Kimes RV, Guzman D, Kushel M. Health care access and utilization in older versus younger homeless adults. Volume 21 of Issue 3. 2010. PMID: 20693744


  97. Hilary K. Seligman, Barbara A. Laraia, Margot B. Kushel. Reply to Dr. Francis Tayie and Dr. Claire Zizza. 2010. PMID:


  98. Williams BA, McGuire J, Lindsay RG, Baillargeon J, Cenzer IS, Lee SJ, Kushel M. Coming home: health status and homelessness risk of older pre-release prisoners. Volume 25 of Issue 10. 2010. PMID: 20532651


  99. Althoff KN, Gange SJ, Klein MB, Brooks JT, Hogg RS, Bosch RJ, Horberg MA, Saag MS, Kitahata MM, Justice AC, Gebo KA, Eron JJ, Rourke SB, Gill MJ, Rodriguez B, Sterling TR, Calzavara LM, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Rachlis AR, Napravnik S, Jacobson LP, Kirk GD, Collier AC, Benson CA, Silverberg MJ, Kushel M, Goedert JJ, McKaig RG, Van Rompaey SE, Zhang J, Moore RD. Late presentation for human immunodeficiency virus care in the United States and Canada. Volume 50 of Issue 11. 2010. PMID: 20415573


  100. Kim-Hwang JE, Chen AH, Bell DS, Guzman D, Yee HF, Kushel MB. Evaluating electronic referrals for specialty care at a public hospital. Volume 25 of Issue 10. 2010. PMID: 20512531


  101. Chen AH, Kushel MB, Grumbach K, Yee HF. Practice profile. A safety-net system gains efficiencies through 'eReferrals' to specialists. Volume 29 of Issue 5. 2010. PMID: 20439891


  102. Wang EA, Hong CS, Samuels L, Shavit S, Sanders R, Kushel M. Transitions clinic: creating a community-based model of health care for recently released California prisoners. Volume 125 of Issue 2. 2010. PMID: 20297743


  103. Seligman HK, Laraia BA, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with chronic disease among low-income NHANES participants. Volume 140 of Issue 2. 2009. PMID: 20032485


  104. Deeks SG, Gange SJ, Kitahata MM, Saag MS, Justice AC, Hogg RS, Eron JJ, Brooks JT, Rourke SB, Gill MJ, Bosch RJ, Benson CA, Collier AC, Martin JN, Klein MB, Jacobson LP, Rodriguez B, Sterling TR, Kirk GD, Napravnik S, Rachlis AR, Calzavara LM, Horberg MA, Silverberg MJ, Gebo KA, Kushel MB, Goedert JJ, McKaig RG, Moore RD. Trends in multidrug treatment failure and subsequent mortality among antiretroviral therapy-experienced patients with HIV infection in North America. Volume 49 of Issue 10. 2009. PMID: 19845473


  105. Weiser SD, Bangsberg DR, Kegeles S, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Frongillo EA. Food insecurity among homeless and marginally housed individuals living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco. Volume 13 of Issue 5. 2009. PMID: 19644748


  106. Kim Y, Chen AH, Keith E, Yee HF, Kushel MB. Not perfect, but better: primary care providers' experiences with electronic referrals in a safety net health system. Volume 24 of Issue 5. 2009. PMID: 19308334


  107. Reid KW, Vittinghoff E, Kushel MB. Association between the level of housing instability, economic standing and health care access: a meta-regression. Volume 19 of Issue 4. 2008. PMID: 19029747


  108. Das-Douglas M, Riley ED, Ragland K, Guzman D, Clark R, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR. Implementation of the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit is associated with antiretroviral therapy interruptions. Volume 13 of Issue 1. 2008. PMID: 18483850


  109. Seligman HK, Bindman AB, Vittinghoff E, Kanaya AM, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with diabetes mellitus: results from the National Health Examination and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002. Volume 22 of Issue 7. 2007. PMID: 17436030


  110. Adams J, Rosenheck R, Gee L, Seibyl CL, Kushel M. Hospitalized younger: a comparison of a national sample of homeless and housed inpatient veterans. Volume 18 of Issue 1. 2007. PMID: 17337806


  111. Kushel MB, Miaskowski C. End-of-life care for homeless patients: "she says she is there to help me in any situation". Volume 296 of Issue 24. 2006. PMID: 17190897


  112. Kessell ER, Bhatia R, Bamberger JD, Kushel MB. Public health care utilization in a cohort of homeless adult applicants to a supportive housing program. Volume 83 of Issue 5. 2006. PMID: 16779686


  113. Hahn JA, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR, Riley E, Moss AR. BRIEF REPORT: the aging of the homeless population: fourteen-year trends in San Francisco. Volume 21 of Issue 7. 2006. PMID: 16808781


  114. Kushel MB, Colfax G, Ragland K, Heineman A, Palacio H, Bangsberg DR. Case management is associated with improved antiretroviral adherence and CD4+ cell counts in homeless and marginally housed individuals with HIV infection. Volume 43 of Issue 2. 2006. PMID: 16779752


  115. Kushel MB, Gupta R, Gee L, Haas JS. Housing instability and food insecurity as barriers to health care among low-income Americans. Volume 21 of Issue 1. 2006. PMID: 16423128


  116. Bhandari VK, Kushel M, Price L, Schillinger D. Racial disparities in outcomes of inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Volume 86 of Issue 11. 2005. PMID: 16271552


  117. Kushel MB, Hahn JA, Evans JL, Bangsberg DR, Moss AR. Revolving doors: imprisonment among the homeless and marginally housed population. Volume 95 of Issue 10. 2005. PMID: 16186453


  118. Tsai M, Weintraub R, Gee L, Kushel M. Identifying homelessness at an urban public hospital: a moving target? Volume 16 of Issue 2. 2005. PMID: 15937393


  119. Walley AY, White MC, Kushel MB, Song YS, Tulsky JP. Knowledge of and interest in hepatitis C treatment at a methadone clinic. Volume 28 of Issue 2. 2005. PMID: 15780548


  120. Kushel M, Bindman AB. Health care lobbying: time to make patients the special interest. Volume 116 of Issue 7. 2004. PMID: 15047042


  121. Kushel MB, Evans JL, Perry S, Robertson MJ, Moss AR. No door to lock: victimization among homeless and marginally housed persons. Volume 163 of Issue 20. 2003. PMID: 14609786


  122. Kushel MB, Perry S, Bangsberg D, Clark R, Moss AR. Emergency department use among the homeless and marginally housed: results from a community-based study. Volume 92 of Issue 5. 2002. PMID: 11988447


  123. Kushel MB, Vittinghoff E, Haas JS. Factors associated with the health care utilization of homeless persons. Volume 285 of Issue 2. 2001. PMID: 11176814