Margot Kushel, MD

Professor

Margot Kushel, MD is a Professor of Medicine in the Division of General Internal Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center and the Director of the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations. Margot's research focuses on reducing the burden of homelessness on health through examining efforts to prevent and end homelessness and mitigating the effects of housing instability on health care outcomes. She uses a variety of research methodologies with an aim towards informing the development of programs and policies to end homelessness via understanding the complex interactions between health and housing. She has a particular interest in homelessness in older adults and homelessness in medically complicated individuals. She is the PI of an NIA funded R01 that developed the HOPE HOME (Health Outcomes in Populations Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle agE) cohort, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study examining the causes and effects of homelessness on adults aged 50 and over in Oakland, CA. She is the Co-PI (with Kelly Knight, PhD) of a companion study examining involvement of families in rehousing older adults experiencing homeless. Passionate about training the next generation of researchers seeking to improve outcomes in vulnerable populations, she is the PI of a K24 award from NIA to mentor junior investigators in aging in vulnerable populations and directs the UCSF Primary Care Research Fellowship. Margot works with diverse stakeholders to implement programmatic and policy changes based on her research. She maintains an active clinical practice at ZSFG in both primary care and inpatient medicine.
Education
2019 - Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training, University of California
Fellow, 2001 - General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Chief Resident, 1999 - Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Resident, 1998 - Medicine/Primary Care, University of California, San Francisco
Intern, 1996 - Medicine/Primary Care, University of California, San Francisco
MD, 1995 - , Yale School of Medicine
AB, 1990 - English, Harvard University
Websites
Publications
  1. Weiser SD, Sheira LA, Palar K, Kushel M, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Cohen M, Turan JM, Metsch L, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Wentz E, Tien PC, Frongillo EA. Mechanisms from Food Insecurity to Worse HIV Treatment Outcomes in US Women Living with HIV. 2020. PMID: 32941054


  2. Imbert E, Kinley PM, Scarborough A, Cawley C, Sankaran M, Cox SN, Kushel M, Stoltey J, Cohen S, Fuchs JD. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in a San Francisco Homeless Shelter. 2020. PMID: 32744615


  3. Khatana SAM, Wadhera RK, Choi E, Groeneveld PW, Culhane DP, Kushel M, Kazi DS, Yeh RW, Shen C. Association of Homelessness with Hospital Readmissions-an Analysis of Three Large States. 2020. PMID: 32556872


  4. Kaplan LM, Sudore RL, Cuervo IA, Bainto D, Olsen P, Kushel M. Barriers and Solutions to Advance Care Planning among Homeless-Experienced Older Adults. 2020. PMID: 32182155


  5. Rosenwohl-Mack S, Kushel M, Ramsey C, Handley M, Knight KR. "We Really Help, Taking Care of Each Other": Older Homeless Adults as Caregivers. 2019. PMID: 31903411


  6. Dereck W. Paul, Kelly R. Knight, Pamela Olsen, John Weeks, Irene H. Yen, Margot B. Kushel. Racial discrimination in the life course of older adults experiencing homelessness: results from the HOPE HOME study. 2019. PMID:


  7. Nouri SS, Barnes DE, Volow AM, McMahan RD, Kushel M, Jin C, Boscardin J, Sudore RL. Health Literacy Matters More Than Experience for Advance Care Planning Knowledge Among Older Adults. 2019. PMID: 31424575


  8. Kaplan LM, Vella L, Cabral E, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel MB. Unmet mental health and substance use treatment needs among older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. 2019. PMID: 31424102


  9. Brown RT, Guzman D, Kaplan LM, Ponath C, Lee CT, Kushel MB. Trajectories of functional impairment in homeless older adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. 2019. PMID: 31408488


  10. Martin P, Liaw W, Bazemore A, Jetty A, Petterson S, Kushel M. Adults with Housing Insecurity Have Worse Access to Primary and Preventive Care. 2019. PMID: 31300572


  11. Tong M, Tieu L, Lee CT, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Factors associated with food insecurity among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study. 2018. PMID: 29617886


  12. Tong MS, Kaplan LM, Guzman D, Ponath C, Kushel MB. Persistent Homelessness and Violent Victimization Among Older Adults in the HOPE HOME Study. 2019. PMID: 31135255


  13. Chan B, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Guzman D, Critchfield J, Saha S, Kushel M. High perceived social support and hospital readmissions in an older multi-ethnic, limited English proficiency, safety-net population. 2019. PMID: 31126336


  14. Satterwhite S, Knight KR, Miaskowski C, Chang JS, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Kushel M. Sources and Impact of Time Pressure on Opioid Management in the Safety-Net. 2019. PMID: 31068401


  15. Tuthill EL, Sheira LA, Palar K, Frongillo EA, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Cohen MH, Wentz EL, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Metsch L, Kushel M, Turan JM, Konkle-Parker D, Tien PC, Weiser SD. Persistent Food Insecurity Is Associated with Adverse Mental Health among Women Living with or at Risk of HIV in the United States. 2019. PMID: 30753638


  16. Raven MC, Kaplan LM, Rosenberg M, Tieu L, Guzman D, Kushel M. Mobile Phone, Computer, and Internet Use Among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Cohort Study. 2018. PMID: 30530464


  17. Freitas DJ, Kaplan LM, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Oral health and access to dental care among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study. 2018. PMID: 30295922


  18. Kushel M. Homelessness: A Potent Risk Factor for Readmission. Volume 56 of Issue 6. 2018. PMID: 29746347


  19. Bazari A, Patanwala M, Kaplan LM, Auerswald CL, Kushel MB. 'The thing that really gets me is the future': Symptomatology in Older Homeless Adults in the HOPE HOME Study. 2018. PMID: 29783004


  20. Maria Raven, Lauren M. Kaplan, Marina Rosenberg, Lina Tieu, David Guzman, Margot Kushel. Mobile Phone, Computer, and Internet Use among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study (Preprint). 2018. PMID:


  21. Kushel M. Hepatitis A Outbreak in California - Addressing the Root Cause. Volume 378 of Issue 3. 2017. PMID: 29211622


  22. Spinelli MA, Frongillo EA, Sheira LA, Palar K, Tien PC, Wilson T, Merenstein D, Cohen M, Adedimeji A, Wentz E, Adimora AA, Metsch LR, Turan JM, Kushel MB, Weiser SD. Food Insecurity is Associated with Poor HIV Outcomes Among Women in the United States. Volume 21 of Issue 12. 2017. PMID: 29119474


  23. Patanwala M, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Ritchie CS, Kushel M. Physical, Psychological, Social, and Existential Symptoms in Older Homeless-Experienced Adults: An Observational Study of the Hope Home Cohort. Volume 33 of Issue 5. 2017. PMID: 29185174


  24. Vijayaraghavan M, Olsen P, Weeks J, McKelvey K, Ponath C, Kushel M. Older African American Homeless-Experienced Smokers' Attitudes Toward Tobacco Control Policies-Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 32 of Issue 2. 2017. PMID: 28893086


  25. Metzger L, Ahalt C, Kushel M, Riker A, Williams B. Mobilizing cross-sector community partnerships to address the needs of criminal justice-involved older adults: a framework for action. Volume 13 of Issue 3-4. 2017. PMID: 28914125


  26. Brown RT, Hemati K, Riley ED, Lee CT, Ponath C, Tieu L, Guzman D, Kushel MB. Geriatric Conditions in a Population-Based Sample of Older Homeless Adults. Volume 57 of Issue 4. 2017. PMID: 26920935


  27. Hurstak E, Johnson JK, Tieu L, Guzman D, Ponath C, Lee CT, Jamora CW, Kushel M. Factors associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. Volume 178. 2017. PMID: 28738314


  28. Knight KR, Kushel M, Chang JS, Zamora K, Ceasar R, Hurstak E, Miaskowski C. Opioid pharmacovigilance: A clinical-social history of the changes in opioid prescribing for patients with co-occurring chronic non-cancer pain and substance use. Volume 186. 2017. PMID: 28599142


  29. Hurstak EE, Kushel M, Chang J, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Miaskowski C, Knight K. The risks of opioid treatment: Perspectives of primary care practitioners and patients from safety-net clinics. Volume 38 of Issue 2. 2017. PMID: 28394752


  30. Raven MC, Tieu L, Lee CT, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Emergency Department Use in a Cohort of Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 24 of Issue 1. 2017. PMID: 27520382


  31. Kertesz SG, Baggett TP, O'Connell JJ, Buck DS, Kushel MB. Permanent Supportive Housing for Homeless People - Reframing the Debate. Volume 375 of Issue 22. 2016. PMID: 27959753


  32. Spinelli MA, Ponath C, Tieu L, Hurstak EE, Guzman D, Kushel M. Factors associated with substance use in older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. Volume 38 of Issue 1. 2016. PMID: 27897965


  33. Raven MC, Guzman D, Chen AH, Kornak J, Kushel M. Out-of-Network Emergency Department Use among Managed Medicaid Beneficiaries. Volume 52 of Issue 6. 2016. PMID: 27861836


  34. Chang JS, Kushel M, Miaskowski C, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Hurstak E, Knight KR. Provider Experiences With the Identification, Management, and Treatment of Co-occurring Chronic Noncancer Pain and Substance Use in the Safety Net. Volume 52 of Issue 2. 2016. PMID: 27754719


  35. Vijayaraghavan M, Schroeder SA, Kushel M. The effectiveness of tobacco control policies on vulnerable populations in the USA: a review. 2016. PMID: 27660283


  36. Kushel M. Things Fall Apart: Preventing High Readmission Rates Among Homeless Adults. Volume 31 of Issue 9. 2016. PMID: 27184753


  37. Lee CM, Mangurian C, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Childhood Adversities Associated with Poor Adult Mental Health Outcomes in Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 25 of Issue 2. 2016. PMID: 27544890


  38. Raven MC, Kushel M, Ko MJ, Penko J, Bindman AB. The Effectiveness of Emergency Department Visit Reduction Programs: A Systematic Review. Volume 68 of Issue 4. 2016. PMID: 27287549


  39. Brown RT, Goodman L, Guzman D, Tieu L, Ponath C, Kushel MB. Pathways to Homelessness among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 11 of Issue 5. 2016. PMID: 27163478


  40. Vijayaraghavan M, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Tobacco Cessation Behaviors Among Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 18 of Issue 8. 2016. PMID: 26920648


  41. Lee CT, Guzman D, Ponath C, Tieu L, Riley E, Kushel M. Residential patterns in older homeless adults: Results of a cluster analysis. Volume 153. 2016. PMID: 26896877


  42. Chodos AH, Kushel MB, Greysen SR, Guzman D, Kessell ER, Sarkar U, Goldman LE, Critchfield JM, Pierluissi E. Hospitalization-Associated Disability in Adults Admitted to a Safety-Net Hospital. Volume 30 of Issue 12. 2015. PMID: 25986139


  43. Chan B, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Schneidermann M, Kessell E, Guzman D, Critchfield J, Kushel M. The Effect of a Care Transition Intervention on the Patient Experience of Older Multi-Lingual Adults in the Safety Net: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Volume 30 of Issue 12. 2015. PMID: 25986136


  44. Palar K, Kushel M, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Grede N, Bangsberg D, Weiser SD. Food Insecurity is Longitudinally Associated with Depressive Symptoms Among Homeless and Marginally-Housed Individuals Living with HIV. Volume 19 of Issue 8. 2015. PMID: 25351185


  45. Kushel M. The First Step is the Hardest: Overcoming Barriers to Primary Care. Volume 30 of Issue 7. 2015. PMID: 25788245


  46. Brown RT, Pierluissi E, Guzman D, Kessell ER, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Schneidermann M, Critchfield JM, Kushel MB. Functional disability in late-middle-aged and older adults admitted to a safety-net hospital. Volume 62 of Issue 11. 2014. PMID: 25367281


  47. Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Kessell E, Guzman D, Schneidermann M, Pierluissi E, Walter B, Vittinghoff E, Critchfield J, Kushel M. Support from hospital to home for elders: a randomized trial. Volume 161 of Issue 7. 2014. PMID: 25285540


  48. Kushel M. Improving care for hospitalized, opioid-dependent patients: a promising start. Volume 174 of Issue 8. 2014. PMID: 24978013


  49. Vijayaraghavan M, Freitas D, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Non-medical use of non-opioid psychotherapeutic medications in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 143. 2014. PMID: 25107312


  50. Jeevanjee S, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Opioid analgesic misuse is associated with incomplete antiretroviral adherence in a cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults in San Francisco. Volume 18 of Issue 7. 2014. PMID: 24077929


  51. Greysen SR, Hoi-Cheung D, Garcia V, Kessell E, Sarkar U, Goldman L, Schneidermann M, Critchfield J, Pierluissi E, Kushel M. "Missing pieces"--functional, social, and environmental barriers to recovery for vulnerable older adults transitioning from hospital to home. Volume 62 of Issue 8. 2014. PMID: 24934494


  52. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Vittinghoff E, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Smoking behaviors in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 18 of Issue 3. 2014. PMID: 23918243


  53. Weiser SD, Yuan C, Guzman D, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Food insecurity and HIV clinical outcomes in a longitudinal study of urban homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals. Volume 27 of Issue 18. 2013. PMID: 23921612


  54. Vogenthaler NS, Kushel MB, Hadley C, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD. Food insecurity and risky sexual behaviors among homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals in San Francisco. Volume 17 of Issue 5. 2013. PMID: 23086429


  55. Vijayaraghavan M, Kushel MB, Vittinghoff E, Kertesz S, Jacobs D, Lewis CE, Sidney S, Bibbins-Domingo K. Housing instability and incident hypertension in the CARDIA cohort. Volume 90 of Issue 3. 2013. PMID: 22752301


  56. Wang EA, Hong CS, Shavat S, Kessell ER, Sanders R, Kushel MB. Wang et al. Respond. Volume 103 of Issue 6. 2013. PMID: 23597355


  57. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 173 of Issue 3. 2013. PMID: 23319013


  58. Weiser SD, Hatcher A, Frongillo EA, Guzman D, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with greater acute care utilization among HIV-infected homeless and marginally housed individuals in San Francisco. Volume 28 of Issue 1. 2012. PMID: 22903407


  59. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers' views on chronic pain management among high-risk patients in safety net settings. Volume 13 of Issue 9. 2012. PMID: 22846057


  60. Wang EA, Hong CS, Shavit S, Sanders R, Kessell E, Kushel MB. Engaging individuals recently released from prison into primary care: a randomized trial. Volume 102 of Issue 9. 2012. PMID: 22813476


  61. Penko J, Mattson J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Do patients know they are on pain medication agreements? Results from a sample of high-risk patients on chronic opioid therapy. Volume 13 of Issue 9. 2012. PMID: 22757769


  62. Chartier M, Carrico AW, Weiser SD, Kushel MB, Riley ED. Specific psychiatric correlates of acute care utilization among unstably housed HIV-positive adults. Volume 24 of Issue 12. 2012. PMID: 22533713


  63. Kushel M. Older homeless adults: can we do more? Volume 27 of Issue 1. 2012. PMID: 22086754


  64. Weiser SD, Young SL, Cohen CR, Kushel MB, Tsai AC, Tien PC, Hatcher AM, Frongillo EA, Bangsberg DR. Conceptual framework for understanding the bidirectional links between food insecurity and HIV/AIDS. Volume 94 of Issue 6. 2011. PMID: 22089434


  65. Straus SG, Chen AH, Yee H, Kushel MB, Bell DS. Implementation of an electronic referral system for outpatient specialty care. Volume 2011. 2011. PMID: 22195195


  66. Miaskowski C, Penko JM, Guzman D, Mattson JE, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Occurrence and characteristics of chronic pain in a community-based cohort of indigent adults living with HIV infection. Volume 12 of Issue 9. 2011. PMID: 21684218


  67. Hansen L, Penko J, Guzman D, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Aberrant behaviors with prescription opioids and problem drug use history in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected individuals. Volume 42 of Issue 6. 2011. PMID: 21802896


  68. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers’ judgments of opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 26 of Issue 4. 2011. PMID: 21061084


  69. Moskowitz D, Thom DH, Guzman D, Penko J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Is primary care providers' trust in socially marginalized patients affected by race? Volume 26 of Issue 8. 2011. PMID: 21394422


  70. Thom DH, Wong ST, Guzman D, Wu A, Penko J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Physician trust in the patient: development and validation of a new measure. Volume 9 of Issue 2. 2011. PMID: 21403142


  71. Tsai AC, Weiser SD, Petersen ML, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR. A marginal structural model to estimate the causal effect of antidepressant medication treatment on viral suppression among homeless and marginally housed persons with HIV. Volume 67 of Issue 12. 2010. PMID: 21135328


  72. Brown RT, Kimes RV, Guzman D, Kushel M. Health care access and utilization in older versus younger homeless adults. Volume 21 of Issue 3. 2010. PMID: 20693744


  73. Hilary K. Seligman, Barbara A. Laraia, Margot B. Kushel. Reply to Dr. Francis Tayie and Dr. Claire Zizza. 2010. PMID:


  74. Williams BA, McGuire J, Lindsay RG, Baillargeon J, Cenzer IS, Lee SJ, Kushel M. Coming home: health status and homelessness risk of older pre-release prisoners. Volume 25 of Issue 10. 2010. PMID: 20532651


  75. Althoff KN, Gange SJ, Klein MB, Brooks JT, Hogg RS, Bosch RJ, Horberg MA, Saag MS, Kitahata MM, Justice AC, Gebo KA, Eron JJ, Rourke SB, Gill MJ, Rodriguez B, Sterling TR, Calzavara LM, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Rachlis AR, Napravnik S, Jacobson LP, Kirk GD, Collier AC, Benson CA, Silverberg MJ, Kushel M, Goedert JJ, McKaig RG, Van Rompaey SE, Zhang J, Moore RD. Late presentation for human immunodeficiency virus care in the United States and Canada. Volume 50 of Issue 11. 2010. PMID: 20415573


  76. Kim-Hwang JE, Chen AH, Bell DS, Guzman D, Yee HF, Kushel MB. Evaluating electronic referrals for specialty care at a public hospital. Volume 25 of Issue 10. 2010. PMID: 20512531


  77. Chen AH, Kushel MB, Grumbach K, Yee HF. Practice profile. A safety-net system gains efficiencies through 'eReferrals' to specialists. Volume 29 of Issue 5. 2010. PMID: 20439891


  78. Wang EA, Hong CS, Samuels L, Shavit S, Sanders R, Kushel M. Transitions clinic: creating a community-based model of health care for recently released California prisoners. Volume 125 of Issue 2. 2010. PMID: 20297743


  79. Seligman HK, Laraia BA, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with chronic disease among low-income NHANES participants. Volume 140 of Issue 2. 2009. PMID: 20032485


  80. Deeks SG, Gange SJ, Kitahata MM, Saag MS, Justice AC, Hogg RS, Eron JJ, Brooks JT, Rourke SB, Gill MJ, Bosch RJ, Benson CA, Collier AC, Martin JN, Klein MB, Jacobson LP, Rodriguez B, Sterling TR, Kirk GD, Napravnik S, Rachlis AR, Calzavara LM, Horberg MA, Silverberg MJ, Gebo KA, Kushel MB, Goedert JJ, McKaig RG, Moore RD. Trends in multidrug treatment failure and subsequent mortality among antiretroviral therapy-experienced patients with HIV infection in North America. Volume 49 of Issue 10. 2009. PMID: 19845473


  81. Weiser SD, Bangsberg DR, Kegeles S, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Frongillo EA. Food insecurity among homeless and marginally housed individuals living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco. Volume 13 of Issue 5. 2009. PMID: 19644748


  82. Kim Y, Chen AH, Keith E, Yee HF, Kushel MB. Not perfect, but better: primary care providers' experiences with electronic referrals in a safety net health system. Volume 24 of Issue 5. 2009. PMID: 19308334


  83. Reid KW, Vittinghoff E, Kushel MB. Association between the level of housing instability, economic standing and health care access: a meta-regression. Volume 19 of Issue 4. 2008. PMID: 19029747


  84. Das-Douglas M, Riley ED, Ragland K, Guzman D, Clark R, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR. Implementation of the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit is associated with antiretroviral therapy interruptions. Volume 13 of Issue 1. 2008. PMID: 18483850


  85. Seligman HK, Bindman AB, Vittinghoff E, Kanaya AM, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with diabetes mellitus: results from the National Health Examination and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002. Volume 22 of Issue 7. 2007. PMID: 17436030


  86. Adams J, Rosenheck R, Gee L, Seibyl CL, Kushel M. Hospitalized younger: a comparison of a national sample of homeless and housed inpatient veterans. Volume 18 of Issue 1. 2007. PMID: 17337806


  87. Kushel MB, Miaskowski C. End-of-life care for homeless patients: "she says she is there to help me in any situation". Volume 296 of Issue 24. 2006. PMID: 17190897


  88. Kessell ER, Bhatia R, Bamberger JD, Kushel MB. Public health care utilization in a cohort of homeless adult applicants to a supportive housing program. Volume 83 of Issue 5. 2006. PMID: 16779686


  89. Hahn JA, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR, Riley E, Moss AR. BRIEF REPORT: the aging of the homeless population: fourteen-year trends in San Francisco. Volume 21 of Issue 7. 2006. PMID: 16808781


  90. Kushel MB, Colfax G, Ragland K, Heineman A, Palacio H, Bangsberg DR. Case management is associated with improved antiretroviral adherence and CD4+ cell counts in homeless and marginally housed individuals with HIV infection. Volume 43 of Issue 2. 2006. PMID: 16779752


  91. Kushel MB, Gupta R, Gee L, Haas JS. Housing instability and food insecurity as barriers to health care among low-income Americans. Volume 21 of Issue 1. 2006. PMID: 16423128


  92. Bhandari VK, Kushel M, Price L, Schillinger D. Racial disparities in outcomes of inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Volume 86 of Issue 11. 2005. PMID: 16271552


  93. Kushel MB, Hahn JA, Evans JL, Bangsberg DR, Moss AR. Revolving doors: imprisonment among the homeless and marginally housed population. Volume 95 of Issue 10. 2005. PMID: 16186453


  94. Tsai M, Weintraub R, Gee L, Kushel M. Identifying homelessness at an urban public hospital: a moving target? Volume 16 of Issue 2. 2005. PMID: 15937393


  95. Walley AY, White MC, Kushel MB, Song YS, Tulsky JP. Knowledge of and interest in hepatitis C treatment at a methadone clinic. Volume 28 of Issue 2. 2005. PMID: 15780548


  96. Kushel M, Bindman AB. Health care lobbying: time to make patients the special interest. Volume 116 of Issue 7. 2004. PMID: 15047042


  97. Kushel MB, Evans JL, Perry S, Robertson MJ, Moss AR. No door to lock: victimization among homeless and marginally housed persons. Volume 163 of Issue 20. 2003. PMID: 14609786


  98. Kushel MB, Perry S, Bangsberg D, Clark R, Moss AR. Emergency department use among the homeless and marginally housed: results from a community-based study. Volume 92 of Issue 5. 2002. PMID: 11988447


  99. Kushel MB, Vittinghoff E, Haas JS. Factors associated with the health care utilization of homeless persons. Volume 285 of Issue 2. 2001. PMID: 11176814