Chronic Kidney Disease

What is Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) occurs when the kidneys do not function properly and no longer adequately filter a person’s blood. As a result toxins and waste build up in the body (CDC 2010).

The Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Surveillance System documents the burden of CKD and its risk factors in the U.S. population over time and tracks the progress of our efforts to prevent, detect, and manage CKD. It also provides the means for evaluating, monitoring, and implementing quality improvement efforts by both federal and nonfederal agencies.“

Video from the National Kidney Foundation on the CDC’s Chronic Kidney Disease Surveillance System:

From the Centers for Disease Control (2010):

“Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood as well as possible. This damage can cause wastes to build up in the body and lead to other health problems, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), anemia, and bone disease. People with early CKD tend not to feel any symptoms. The only ways to detect CKD are through a blood test to estimate kidney function, and a urine test to assess kidney damage. CKD is usually an irreversible and progressive disease and can lead to kidney failure, also called End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), over time if it is not treated. Once detected, CKD can be treated through medication and lifestyle changes to slow down the disease progression, and to prevent or delay the onset of kidney failure. However, the only treatment options for kidney failure are dialysis or a kidney transplant.”

Source: Centers for Disease Control. 2010. National Chronic Kidney Disease Fact sheet.


  • 26 million people or 13% of US population has CKD and an additional 20 million have an elevated risk

Source: AMA. Go A S et al. Circulation 2013;127:e6-e245.

Risk Factors

  • High blood pressure and Diabetes are the two major causes of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).
  • Having a high Body Mass Index (BMI) also increases the risk of developing CKD

Source: AMA. Go A S et al. Circulation 2013;127:e6-e245.