- Reducing Dietary Salt to Lower Heart Disease and Save Lives: A Public Health Approach
Salt consumption and high blood pressure among Americans has risen by nearly 50 percent despite evidence linking salt intake to high blood pressure and heart disease. The U.S. diet is particularly high in salt, with 75-80% of salt intake coming from processed foods and only 11% come from the actual salt shaker. Given the high consumption of processed foods with salt already added, individuals face considerable barriers to reducing their daily salt intake on their own. These barriers are particularly great in low-income communities with lower access to alternative fresh foods options.
- How Can Public Health Systems Best Support People with Diabetes? Findings from the UCSF IDEALL Study
A study published in Diabetes Care finds a patient-centered approach to diabetes management using health information technology much more effective than traditional approaches for underserved populations with communication barriers like limited literacy and limited English proficiency. This is one of four recent articles highlighting work from the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations at San Francisco General Hospital which determined that automated telephone support for diabetes management improves quality of care in public “safety-net” settings; reduces patients’ symptom burden associated with diabetes; and is cost-effective (1-4). The study, directed by Dean Schillinger MD (UCSF Professor of Medicine, Director of the Center for Vulnerable Populations, and Chief of the California Diabetes Prevention and Control Program), shows that this innovation, a product of the Improving Diabetes Efforts across Language and Literacy (IDEALL) Project, holds promise as a means to reduce diabetes-related health disparities for vulnerable populations.
- Young Adult Tobacco Use: Youth Smoking Still Matters
- Hypertension in Youth and Minorities: Risk factors for hypertension begin early in life, disproportionally affect minorities
- Gestational Diabetes: The prevalence of gestational diabetes is growing
- Spatial Disparities in Health: Spatial associations between socio-economic status, race/ethnicity, and chronic disease
- Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: Type 2 diabetes once called ‘adult on set diabetes’, is now a disease of youth
- CVD Risk Begins in Childhood: Cardiovascular disease begins in childhood
- Disparities in cardiovascular disease and risk factors
- Childhood Asthma: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children